CLOSING THE GAP: Though women make up half of the workforce, a fraction are pursuing careers in the STEM field. That number is even when smaller when you examine fields in computer science.


Women of color face a greater lack of representation. Over the last ten years thousands of programs designed to introduce girls to STEM content have been established across the United States. Organization such as Girls Scouts, 4-H, Boys & Girls Clubs, and the YWCA offer clubs and specialized content to address the gap. Corporations have invested millions of dollars to develop curriculum, and support STEM workforce development. Despite these actions, the STEM gap remains.

The study, “Closing the STEM Gap,” published by Microsoft, identifies small actions that can have a large impact on girls’ interest in STEM. In 2017, Google and Gallup published data which identifies an encouragement “gap.” Researchers funded by the National Science Foundation and other philanthropic foundations are beginning to identify subtler ways girls are discouraged from considering these fields.

STARTS AT HOME: Despite the efforts of groups like the Girl Scouts, 4-H, Boys & Girls Clubs, and the YWCA, the gap is still present. It's got to be on us to do what we can to engage young girls in these critical fields. 


Here are five small ways you can provide the encouragement we have discovered is critical to engaging girls in STEM.

  • Listen to what girls say about their challenges and desires

  • Encourage early connections to role models and mentors, especially via social media, television, and print media.

  • Emphasize the creativity and real-world application of STEM careers.

  • Regularly and routinely encourage the young people in your life about their competence in STEM, especially in computer science.

  • Serve as a positive champion and supporter, focusing on what girls need and acting on their requests.

We see how encouragement helps small children grow and develop as they learn to navigate the world. Why wouldn’t the same sort of positive and supportive messaging help girls see the potential of STEM? If we can increase our support and encouragement for girls, perhaps one day, our numbers will be very different.